Daily Archives: December 14, 2017
American schools are changing; schools are much more diverse than they were twenty-five years ago. Additional research notes that actual add-on costs can vary by type of instructional model used, with higher costs associated with strategies that use extra teachers to provide specialized instruction, in contrast to those programs that use bilingual or ESL certified teachers in self contained classrooms.
On the other hand, a vast number of other studies have shown that bilingual education is effective, with children in well-designed programs acquiring academic English at least as well and often better than children in all-English programs (Cummins, 1989; Krashen, 1996; Willig, 1985).
Besides the problem of non-random selection into bilingual education, there are also complications in measuring education outcomes for limited English proficient students Thus, estimating the causal impact of bilingual education on student achievement is a challenge.
A 2015 meta-analysis of dual-language programs showed that, over time, students …Read More