Philosophy of education can refer to either the academic field of applied philosophy or to one of any educational philosophies that promote a specific type or vision of education , and/or which examine the definition, goals and meaning of education. Our efforts are focused towards creating Malaysian citizen who are knowledgeable and competent, who possess high moral standards, and who are responsible and capable of achieving a high level of personal well-being and able to contribute to the harmony and prosperity of the family, the society and the nation at large.
Education itself is double-faced: on one side, it is the result of a historical and social context; on the other, it is a factor (but not the only one) of cultural and, sometimes, even social and political change, according to a dialectical relation between preservation and innovation.
So , according to Plato a society maintains justice if its classes are virtuous according to their class specific needs, warriors are courageous, Rulers are wise and masses have temperance If these classes act in complete harmony with each other and in each class members have the class specific virtue, then the society will become a just society.
These distinct but partially overlapping movements have in common the insistence that education and its philosophy are inevitably political and the impulse to reveal relations of power in educational theory and practice and to develop philosophical accounts of education that take full account of the values and interests of groups that have traditionally been excluded from educational thinking.
Steiner founded a holistic educational impulse on the basis of his spiritual philosophy ( anthroposophy ). Now known as Steiner or Waldorf education , his pedagogy emphasizes a balanced development of cognitive , affective / artistic , and practical skills (head, heart, and hands).